Jack Russell Terrier

Origin

The Jack Russell Terrier was created in the south of England in the mid-1800s by John Russell Parson, whose name gave the race. The roots of the Jack Russell Terrier back to the now extinct English White Terrier. Russell intended to make a working terrier to hunt with other dogs, dislodging foxes from their burrows for other dogs to pursue them. An essential quality of his Jack Russell Terrier was a tempered aggressiveness. It gave him the important ability to pursue and scare foxes without causing them physical damage and thus put an end to the hunt. This would have been considered unsporting. The capabilities of the Jack Russell Terrier include: hunting, tracking, being agile and doing tricks. Many breeds can claim an inheritance from the Fox Terrier of this period, as the Brazilian Terrier, the Japanese Terrier, the Miniature Fox Terrier, the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz and the Tenterfield Terrier. Arthur Blake Heinemann created the breed standard. A first split occured between the show and work terriers. Another separation occurred between two distinct kinds of White Terrier, wearing both the name Jack Russell. After World War II, the need for hunting dogs was radically reduced, and with it the amount of Jack Russell Terrier. These dogs were then increasingly used as pets in families.

Description

The Jack Russell Terrier is a strong dog and a sturdy terrier, almost always on its feet. The body length should be proportional to the height. The Jack Russell Terrier should present a compact and balanced image, always in a good and solid condition. The coat is rough or broken. These two kinds of fur have a double coat with a coarse structure. The broken coat is slightly long with just an extension of the eyebrows and a beard. Some Jack Russell Terrier have a hard coat that is longer than the broken coat. Whatever its type, the hair is never curly or wavy. It should be predominantly white (over 51% white) with tan, black or brown markings. Marbled markings and black and tan coloration occur but remain rare. Due to the nature of their use, the Jack Russell Terrier remained almost as they were 200 years ago. The Jack Russell Terrier size varies widely, because different types of dogs were used for specific purposes and in many types of environments. They usually measure 10 to 15 inches (25-38 cm) at the withers and weigh 14 to 18 pounds (6.4 to 8.2 kg).

Temper

The Jack Russell Terrier are mostly working terriers. Originally bred to hunt fox in his lair in the middle of the hunts, they are used for different prey living in burrows, such as the woodchuck or the badger. The work of the Jack Russell Terrier is to locate the prey underground, and to dislodge or hold it in place until a hole is digged that far. For this, the dog will not bark but will continuously monitor the prey. The Jack Russell Terrier tends to be surprisingly insightful, athletic, bold, and vocal. It is not uncommon for these dogs to become aggressive or destructive if they are not properly trained or stimulated. They tend to get bored easily and then go to practice alone when they are left to themselves. Their vitality and energy make them suitable for various canine games, such as Fly Ball. Dog training is also recommended to potential owners, as the Jack Russell Terrier can be stubborn at times and becomes aggressive towards other animals and humans if not properly socialized. They have a huge amount of energy for their size. Some Jack Russell Terrier are aggressive toward other dogs, especially those of the same sex. They have a strong prey drive and chase (and occasionally kill) cats and other small creatures. They can never seem to get bored and will always be energetic after a hard day. Even though properly socialized dogs are benevolent towards children, they will not accept bad gestures, even unintentional.

Living Conditions

The Jack Russell Terrier is a pleasant companion when he is sufficiently exercised. However, in case he does not get enough exercise, he can become an annoyance. He must be taken for a long walk every day. In addition, he will be in his environment with space to run, hunt and play. In cases where the Jack Russell Terrier is left alone during the day, whether in a loft or a house, he must go on a long walk before you leave and after you return. Letting him do 30-45 minutes of intense exercise every day and a lot of play in the yard without a collar keeps him tired and out of trouble. The Jack Russell Terrier is affectionate and loving. They may well live in homes with experienced children who know how to behave with them. They are not suitable for homes with young children. In addition to being uncontrollable, they can break everything when they are poorly cared of. Always teach children how to approach and touch these dogs. You must supervise the interactions between the dogs and young children to avoid biting, ear or tail pulling from either side. You need to teach children never to approach the Jack Russell Terrier while he sleeps or eats. You should never try to take their food.

Care

Their coat requires weekly brushing to uproot the dead and loose hair. If you brush your Jack Russell Terrier firmly, he should rarely require a shower.

Dalmatian

 

Origin

The origins of this race remains a riddle. In 1993, the CFI recognized his Croatian roots at last. The Dalmatian got his name during his stay in Dalmatia, which is currently known as Croatia. In the Middle Ages he was utilized as a hunting dog. The main representations of the dog have been found in Croatia like an altarpiece in Veli Lošinj from 1600 to 1630. The breed got to be prevalent in the 1800s to protect the carriages and steeds. It was in England that the Dalmatian became without a doubt a coaching dog. The primary informal standard of the breed was presented by an Englishman in 1882, Vero Shaw. To date, the Dalmatian has a characteristic fondness for horses. In the United States, he turned into a firehouse dog, to run with the horses to the blaze, watch over the supplies, and even save individuals from fire.

Description

The Dalmatian is a huge, husky and solid dog. His round eyes are brown, blue or a blend of both. His short coat is extremely thick with fine hairs and is pleasant to touch, being short and silky. The symmetrical coat is dominatingly white with unmistakably characterized round spots. The spots might be dark, brown (liver), lemon, dark blue, brindle, beige or sand. Puppies are conceived with smooth white layers. Their first spots typically show up within three weeks. After a month, they have the vast majority of their spots, despite the fact that they keep on developing all through life at a much slower pace. You can also see tricolor Dalmatians puppies with flame-like markings on the head, neck, legs, or a dark tail. The Dalmatian is a clean pet with practically no smell and his coat doesn’t get dirty. Males and females are somewhere between 19 and 24 inches (48 to 60 cm) high. They weigh between 48 and 55 pounds (21-25 kg). Males are for the most part bigger than females. The Dalmatian is a brawny medium-sized pet with phenomenal resilience and endurance. Their life expectancy is about 10-12 years.

Temper

The Dalmatian is patient and has an incredible measure of vitality. They dislike lounging around throughout the day doing nothing. They are playful, agreeable and extremely committed. The Dalmatian needs a ton of leadership from humans to be happy. They won’t be well if they are left in the yard throughout the day and are known to dig gigantic holes otherwise. The Dalmatian loves to play with youngsters. However, in the event that they don’t get enough physical and mental activity, they can get exceptionally anxious and excessively energized for a little kid. This energy accumulation destabilize their mind and they can get shy without enough socialization. They coexist well with different pets, however without human mediation, they can get to be forceful with unknown dogs. Extremely shrewd, they are for the most part social. The Dalmatian can be trained with a high level of obedience. They could be prepared for defense and are great guard dogs. The young Dalmatian is extremely vigorous and needs a large amount of activity. If you can provide them with what they require instinctually, they will make great pets and will quiet down after a couple of years. They cherish consideration and have a solid yearning to please. The training is eased by prizes, for example, nourishment, acclaims, and play. The Dalmatian is cautious and intrigued by everything happening around him and makes an astounding guard dog.

Living conditions

A Dalmatian is not a perfect dog for condos unless it is possible for him to go strolling or running a few times each day, right by or behind you. They are exceptionally dynamic inside the house with no less than one meter as medium size. They cannot live outside in chilly weather. On the off chance that these dogs are bored, and don’t go out consistently, they can start damaging stuff and begin to show behavioral issues.

Care

The Dalmatian shed as the year progresses, and more copiously twice a year. He should be brushed frequently to overcome consistent shedding. They have no doggy smell and should be clean. They even maintain a strategic distance from puddles. They must bathe just when needed. The Dalmatian appetite depends on his size, age, build, digestion system and action level. It practically goes without saying that an excessively dynamic dog will require more than a couple of pieces of dry food.

Labrador

Origin

As the “Dogs of St. John,” the Labrador showed up in Newfoundland, working with anglers to get fish and hop into the cold waters to draw the nets. A few specimens were brought to England in the 1800s by boats from Labrador. Race blending has enhanced his hunting senses. He was just about to vanish in the 1880s but the Malmesbury family and others have spared the race. Extinct in Newfoundland, the breed made it in England and the Kennel Club recognized the Labrador Retriever as a different breed in 1903. The prevalence of the race truly began to take off after the Second World War, and in 1991, the Labrador Retriever turned into the most famous breed in North America and England. The first known yellow Labrador was Ben de Hyde, born in 1899. Chocolate Labradors got to be more predominant in the 1930s. There is also a huge contrast between show Labradors, short legged and overwhelming, and the field ones, more functional and energetic.

Description

There are two sorts of Labradors, the English Labrador and the American Labrador. English Labradors are heavier, thicker and more massive. Recognized coats are dark, yellow and chocolate. Meant for sport, the Labrador is husky and physical. He has a short, easily cared coat, a friendly attitude, sharp brainpower, and a considerable measure of vitality. The commitment of this breed is profound. Labradors are loving. Labradors are usually tall. Males weigh generally 65-80 lb. (29-36 kg) and measure 22 to 24 inches (56 – 61cm). Females weigh 55-70 lb. (25-32 kg) and measure 21 to 23 inches (53-58 cm). Labradors weighing near or in excess of 100 lb. (45 kg) are viewed as obese, albeit a few Labradors weigh a great deal more. They have a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years.

Temper

The Labrador Retriever is dedicated, friendly and patient, an impeccable and incredible family puppy. Labradors cherish kids and turmoil. Yet they need to be prepared to know how to act around youngsters. Exceptionally insightful, merry, constantly prepared and willing to please, Labradors love to play, particularly in water. These exuberant dogs have a fantastic demeanor, are dependable, benevolent and reliable with any other puppies. Labradors of English lines are more calm and loose than Labradors of American lines. Females may be marginally more autonomous than males. Labradors are mature after three years, and are regularly marked as hyperactive until then. They can recover a ball or take part in different exercises (Frisbee, flyball, and so forth.) interminably and fanatically. A Labrador is exceptionally trainable and his gentle nature makes him an astounding treatment puppy, going to retirement homes and doctor’s facilities. His discernment makes him a perfect dog to support persons with handicaps. He exceeds expectations as pointer or search and rescue dog thanks to his athletic build, his solid nose, and his fearless nature. Labradors are likewise the breed to beat in canine games with their agility and obedience. There is a task for which they are not meant: guard dog. Actually, Labradors are frequently extremely nice and are likely to greet unwelcome intruders and show them where the merchandise is covered up. A keen sense of smell allows them to take the way of any scent down to its source. They are utilized as detector dogs to find smugglers, hoodlums or terrorists. They are known to have a delicate touch in the mouth, and may be trained to bring back the game. The Labrador Retriever’s coat repulses water to some extent, therefore encouraging the far reaching utilization of the dog for hunting. Labradors have a well-known appetite. They are steady and forceful to request sustenance. Therefore, the owner of a Labrador ought to painstakingly monitor their dietary intake to avoid canine obesity and related wellbeing issues. Labradors are curious explorers and love company, consideration and novelty. Thusly, they can regularly “vanish” or be separated from their owners without any fanfare to follow people or scents of fascinating sustenance. Best practice would be Labradors to be microchipped, with the name and location of the holder.

Living conditions

Labradors can live well in a flat if sufficiently exercised. They are fiery dogs, always ready to work and play. They require every day long strolls or running close by you. They will love you to give them a task to do. They were reared for physically requesting occupations. Without activity, they can express their repressed vitality in damaging routes, for example, woofing or biting. They effortlessly get to be extremely apprehensive. They remain by and large very dynamic for the duration of their lives.

Care

Their coat is not difficult to prep. You must comb and brush them consistently with vitality, giving careful consideration to the undercoat. They must be cared for, and are unquestionably not backyard dogs. If they are left alone too long, they will probably tarnish their reputation for holiness. A lonely Labrador is prone to burrow, bite, or discover other ruinous opportunities for his energy.

Great Dane

Origin

The Great Dane, also known as “Apollo of all dogs”, appeared on Egyptian sites around 3000 BC. They were valued for their ability to fight off bears and wild pigs. The mid-sixteenth century, European nobility imported from England this solid, high-leg race. These dogs were called Franzoesische Docke or Franzoesische Tocke. The dogs were used to hunt bears, pigs and deer in the royal courts. The name Great Dane emerged in the 1700s, when a French naturalist saw in Denmark a variant of the Boar Hound which was thinner and looked more like a greyhound. He called this dog the Great Dane, who in the end became The Great Dane Dog. German breeders are known to have refined the breed to the current smart dog. The Great Dane was recognized in 1887 as a breed in its own.

Description

The Great Dane is a large and powerful dog. Generally of square appearance, females can be a little longer than taller. The coat is short, smooth and thick. The six common colors are:

  • Fawn (a bright color with a dark veil)
  • Brindle (fawn and black mixed around the body in a tiger stripe pattern)
  • Blue (steel blue, which is really a kind of gray)
  • Black
  • Harlequin (white with dark spots on the whole body)
  • Mantle (high contrast black and white with a full black layer on the body)

Unrecognized, the chocolate color occurs in a recessive gene. Merle is a typical consequence of the reproduction of the Harlequin without being a recognized nuance. Other colors appear more rarely. It’s one of those giant breeds, but it is exceptional as its general appearance is never disgraceful. Year after year, the largest known dog is typically a Great Dane. Previously, when the Great Dane was used to hunt wild boar. Their ears were cut off to prevent injuries in the middle of the action. Currently, this is mainly done for aesthetic and traditional reasons. The Great Dane males are 30 to 34 inches (76-86 cm) tall and weighs 120 to 200 pounds (54-90 kg). Females are 28 to 32 inches (71-81 cm) tall and weigh 100 to 130 pounds (45-59 kg). Their normal life expectancy is 10 years, but some can live up to 12-13 years.

Temperament

The Great Dane, usually called “gentle giant”, has a good attitude. Charming and tender, he is fun, loving and patient with children. He loves everyone and needs to be surrounded by people. The Great Dane does not bark much and becomes aggressive only when the circumstances require it. He is reliable and loyal. Courageous, he is a good watchdog. When we live with them, we become members of their pack. The whole pack follows a single leader. You and all humans should be higher in the hierarchy than the dog. If by chance you are not firm, constant and confident or does not correct him if necessary, the Great Dane can become aggressive with other dogs. However, the Great Dane is generally well-disposed toward other dogs, pets, and well-known people.

Living conditions

Like most dogs, the Great Dane needs daily walking to maintain their well-being. Anyway, it is essential not to over train this race, especially during adolescence. Puppies grow very quickly, leaving them vulnerable to bone and joint problems. Despite his large size, a Great Dane is gentle enough to be a good indoor dog. His is not meant for a small apartment because he might hit everything. He can get cold in winter, so he should not be left outside in cold atmospheres. He is usually quiet inside. In case you plan on keeping him in a yard, you need a wall six feet (1.80m) high. You must also understand that he really loves to destroy his environment.

Care

Their smooth short haired coat is easy to maintain. Use a stiff brush and dry shampoo when necessary. Showering the giant is a delicate task, so it is best avoided with daily washing. This breed shed profusely.

German Shorthaired Pointer

Origin

The exact origin of the German Shorthaired Pointer is not clearly defined. It is probably a mix of various kinds of German dogs, exceptional retrievers and hunting dogs, on the ground as well as in the water for any kind of game. They have been hunters, family companions and watchdogs. The German Shorthaired Pointer was recognized by the AKC in 1930. The earliest form of this kind of dog dates from the seventeenth century. The German Shorthaired Pointer as we know him today was bred in the mid to late nineteenth century to be versatile hunting dogs.

Description

The coat of the German Shorthaired Pointer is short and flat with a thick undercoat, making him almost impervious and keeping him warm in cold weather. The color can be a dark brown, referring specifically to the English word “liver” (or incorrectly as “chocolate” or “chestnut”), black, or either brown and white or black and white. Males are between 23 and 25 inches (59-64 cm) tall at the shoulder and weigh 55 to 70 pounds (25-32 kg). Females are 21-23 inches (53-58 cm) tall at the shoulder and weigh 45 to 60 pounds (20-27 kg). Their life expectancy is about 12-15 years.

Temper

A remarkable example among the most vivid races, the German Shorthaired Pointer is a hunting dog by nature. Protective, intelligent, happy and excited, he will be ideal if you are unusually attached to him. Ecstatic, the German Shorthaired Pointer is just looking to participate in any kind of activity with his owners, for example, a long walk, run, climb, hunt, or a session of frisbee. This breed is not suited for living in an apartment. Undaunted, bright and willing, the German Shorthaired Pointer loves and connects easily with children. The level of dominance and vitality fluctuates slightly from puppy to puppy even within the same litter. He generally requires more action than the normal pointers. He is best suited for a dynamic family. When they need action, they can get to be nervous and confused. The German Shorthaired Pointer may not listen if he feels stronger than his owner, but he will react badly to too much power. The German Shorthaired Pointer needs someone who has natural leadership and is safe and steady on the principles to be followed. The German Shorthaired Pointer needs structure in his life. Otherwise, he may become anxious, nervous and destructive. With a balanced and stable mind, enough physical activity, he will coexist well with other dogs and cats. He likes to bark and can be shy around strangers. He is most at ease during hunting trips. The German Shorthaired Pointer can participate to virtually all types of hunting. He is a pointer and a retriever, on land or in water. He is a superb swimmer who copes well with difficult terrain. Most German Shorthaired Pointer dogs are amazing guards. He prefers not to be left alone and can otherwise develop anxiety. He is very easy to train.

Living conditions

This breed is not for an apartment life and live better with a large garden and a dynamic and athletic family. He has the ability to jump over a smaller fence up to 6 feet (1.8m) high. Without any activity, he will easily get bored and escape. He must be taken for walking or jogging near you or when you bike on a daily basis. Otherwise, this breed tends to become restless and destructive.

Care

The German Shorthaired Pointer is a clean race. Their short coat requires almost no maintenance. Just an occasional brushing. They continuously shed. They only need to be washed if needed (after hunting for example). As the German Shorthaired Pointer is quite large and dynamic, these dogs may require a respectable amount of food. Older or less active individuals can also become obese if they are fed more than enough.

German Boxer

Origin

The Boxer was created in Germany in the nineteenth century. His Ancestors were two mastiffs, the Bullenbeisser and the Barenbeisser. They were then crossed with the powerful ancestors of the Mastiff and the Bulldog. The first Boxers were used as fighting dogs, for the bullfight, as sled dogs, and as shepherd dogs, to round up the animals and watch preys. They were later popular dogs in circuses and theaters. The main line of Boxers began in 1904. Breeders have raised two kinds of Boxers, the German Boxer and the American Boxer. German Boxers have bigger heads and are largely more muscular than American Boxers. The name “Boxer” comes from the propensity of the dog to remain on his hind legs and to “box” with his front paws. The name could also come from the very first specimens of the breed (Lechner’s Box, for example).

Description

The body of the Boxer is compact and powerful. Males are normally 22.5 to 25 inches (57-63 cm) high at the shoulder and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kg). Females usually measure from 21 to 23.5 inches (53-60 cm) at the shoulder and weigh about 60 pounds (27 kg). Their life expectancy is about 11-14 years. Boxers were originally docked and cropped breed, but this was forbidden in many countries around the world. The Boxer is a short-haired breed, with a smooth, soft coat that sticks to the body. The Boxer does not have the gene for black color and that is why only black Boxers do not exist. They come in two colors: fawn or brindle, with or without white markings. Tawny color varies from pale tan to mahogany. Brindle is a striking example of striped coat with dark stripes on a fawn base. Boxers with white markings covering more than one third of their coat – commonly called Boxers “white” – are neither albinos nor rare; approximately 20-25% of all Boxers are white.

Temper

The Boxer is happy, brave, playful, curious and lively. Very clever, eager and quick to learn, the Boxer is a dog suited for obedience. He is always moving and stays close to his family. Loyal and affectionate, Boxers are known to get along well with young people. His nature is to protect you, your family and your home. They will welcome know guests. They are always willing to work and play. Boxers need human authority and a dominant master. This breed is known for his courage which makes him a special watchdog. This dog needs to go every day walking or strolling. Day after day, mental and physical activity is central. Without it, the Boxer gets nervous. They are dynamic and strong. They need a satisfactory activity to avoid boredom-related practices, such as biting, digging, or licking. The Boxer by nature is not an aggressive or vicious breed. It’s an instinctive guard and can become very attached to his family. Like all dogs, he needs an appropriate socialization. Boxers are mostly patients with other dogs, but difficulties can occur with the most massive breeds, especially dogs of the same sex. The Boxer is portrayed as a guard dog, alert and vigilant, who listens.

Living conditions

Boxers can live well in an apartment if they are active enough. They are quite dynamic in it but are better with a courtyard. Boxers are sensitive to temperature, low or high. Boxers are indoor dogs. Their noses and short coats make them unfit to live outside, despite the fact that they like to play in a fenced yard. Dynamic physical race, Boxers need daily work or activity, and a long and brisk walk. They also love to fetch a ball or participate in other games.

Care

Their smooth and shorthaired coat is not difficult to maintain. Just use a firm brush and bathe them if necessary, as it expels the natural oils from their skin. Some Boxers try to keep themselves clean, cleaning themselves as cats, but some cannot avoid getting dirty, which calls for a shower. This breed shed normally.

Doberman Pinscher

Origin

In the late nineteenth century, a German citizen named Louis Doberman began dog breeding with the idea of a flawless companion and defender. The beginning of the Doberman Pinscher was formalized in 1876. He was created to be a “super dog”. In 1900, the German Kennel Club recognized the Doberman Pinscher as a fully-fledged breed. Over the years, breeders have worked tenaciously to soften the strong identity of the first specimen – with excellent results. Despite the fact that the Doberman is protective of his family and home, he is known as a loving and reliable partner.

Description

The Doberman is a dog of medium and square build, with a compact and muscular body, fast and resilient. The dog normally measure between 26 and 28 inches (66 – 71cm), 27 being perfect. The female is somewhere between 24 and 26 inches (61-66cm), 25 being perfect. They both weigh around 66 and 88 pounds (30-40 kg). A Doberman “Warlock” is a given Doberman that is larger than the standard size. Two distinct types of colors exist in the Doberman, dark and dilution color, which result in four different colors: black, red, blue and fawn. White Dobermans are cream with pristine white markings and bright blue eyes. The standard tail of the Doberman Pinscher is quite long, but it is usually cut by the owner. Similarly, Dobermans generally have cropped ears. Their life expectancy is about 13 years.

Temper

The Doberman is generally of cheerful disposition, vigilant, determined and dedicated. The Doberman is passionate, very energetic, with strength and endurance. They need the human authority and interaction. They are extremely versatile and talented. They are wise and easy to train. They are remarkable guard and watch dogs. They do not require additional training for protection. This breed is not for everyone. The Doberman needs a master who is ready and willing to show a natural leadership on the dog. All owners must be firm, confident and consistent, dictating the rules and sticking to them. You have to manage these dogs because they can be stubborn and determined if they can do what they want. They should be thoroughly socialized in their youth to avoid agitation. Daily mental and physical stimulation is imperative to keep a happy and stable minded Doberman. They are generally sociable with people and possibly with other dogs. Anyway, Dobermans are among the breeds most likely to show aggressive behavior toward strangers and other dogs. They are not likely to show aggressive behavior towards their owners. It was shown that the Doberman in North America has a quieter, more even temper than their European counterparts due to the breeding methods used by American breeders. The Doberman Pinscher is considered as one of the most intelligent dog breeds in the baseline assessments. A super-clever and super-dynamic puppy is what you get when you get a Doberman Pinscher. He is a born defender who will not hesitate to attack when he assumes that his family is at risk, but he does not use force unnecessarily.

Living conditions

He will live well in an apartment if sufficiently active. However, he is more comfortable with a courtyard. Dobermans are very sensitive to cold weather and are not outdoor dogs. The Doberman Pinscher is better suited for a suburban or country home with space to relax. He needs a lot of daily activity. He needs a home with a fence for his safety and well-being and the one of individuals or creatures that walk unwittingly into his grass court. He should not be left alone or in the back yard as an outdoor dog for long periods. He should not be chained. He must be part of the family, and take part in all the exercises of the family.

Care

The Doberman was originally bred to have a low maintenance coat. This one is short, shed little, is not difficult to wash and dry quickly. The current Doberman still meets these expectations, with beauty as an additional objective. The coat of the Doberman must shine, stay flat and straight, and act as a second skin.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Origin

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is supposed to come from the Dachshund group. The ancestors of the Cardigan Welsh have been introduced in Wales more than 3000 years BC by Celtic tribes coming from central Europe. Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgi were crossed and treated as the same breed until 1934. The name “corgi” is specific to this breed of dog in Welsh (Cymreig). The phrase “cor gi” is still translated as “dwarf dog” in Welsh. The current name comes from their region of origin: Ceredigion in Wales. Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgi were recognized by the Kennel Club in 1928. They were used to herd cattle, hunt vermin and protect the farm. They can drive the cows, barking and biting. Their small size allows them to avoid cattle kicking. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has never been as popular as Pembrokes, probably due to the impact of the Royal family. However, they found their place in many parts of the world. They are always extremely valued for their ability to work, care and herd, in addition to their companionship.

Description

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a long and close to the ground dog. Their backs are not really longer than most dogs, their legs are just shorter. Their coat has a layer of short, thick and resistant hair covered by a longer and coarser coat. The coat is longer at the collar, the rear legs and under the tail. Some Corgis called “fluffy Corgis” or “long-haired Corgis” are born with longer coats. The coat colors include red, sand, fawn, brindle, black and brindle, blue merle (black and gray, marbled), black and tan with white spots. There are regular white markings on the legs, abdomen, neck and parts of the muzzle. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi life expectancy is about 12-15 years. A normal Cardigan Welsh Corgi is about 10.5 to 13 inches (260 315 mm) high and weighs 30 to 38 pounds (13.6 to 17.2 kg) for the males and 25 to 34 lb (11, 3 to 15.4 kg) for the females.

Temper

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is very clever and dedicated, capable and ready to please his owner. Reliable, dedicated and loving, yet he can be to be careful with strangers. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi socializes well especially being young. They are dynamic and generally get along very well with young people as the dog sees itself at a lower rank. Their shepherd instinct can push them to chew ankles. Protective and robust, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are very obedient. They can be aggressive with other dogs if they are not properly trained. They sometimes try to lead people by biting their ankles. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an active and highly intelligent dog. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is often used as guard dog because he is extremely sensitive to foreign intrusions into his territories. They will be very noisy until they are guaranteed that the intruders pose no threat. They will be cautious with strangers and reserve their affection for a few close humans.

Living conditions

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi needs a daily walk or a training. If sufficiently active, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi will thrive in any environment, apartment or country house. With enough activity, he will be quiet inside, and will be very active otherwise. Problems appear if the dog feels superior to his master, or does not get enough exercise during the day. The cardigan has a coat to sustain the harsh climate of Wales, but that does not mean he is an outside dog. He is close to people and should not be relegated to the terrace with minimal human communication.

Care

With short legs and a long back, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi may be prone to developing injuries. As their skeletal development is not yet complete, you must avoid letting the puppies bouncing on furniture or lifting them without supporting both front and back legs. Their coat is easy to maintain. Use a stiff bristle brush and bathe them only when necessary. They lose their hair continually, with intense shedding twice a year. Daily brushing and hot showers is needed during these periods.

Bullmastiff

Origin

The Bullmastiff is a relatively new breed that was developed in the mid-nineteenth century. The Bullmastiff was obtained in England by cross-breeding 60% of Great Danes and 40% of Bulldogs. Some Bullmastiff are listed in archives as early as 1795. The Bullmastiff was used as a guard dog to find, confront and hold poachers. Thus, the Bullmastiff is known as the Gamekeeper’s Night Dog. The dogs were fierce and threatening, but were trained not to bite intruders. The current Bullmastiff is a loyal friend of the family and a good guard. He likes to live with his family, with whom he feels good.

Description

The Bullmastiff is massive, powerful, but not bulky. Males should be 25-28 inches (64-71 cm) tall at the withers and 110 to 130 pounds (50 to 59 kg). Females should be 24 to 26 inches (61-66 cm) tall, and 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg). Their life expectancy is less than 10 years. Their coat is short, thick and slightly hard, offering great protection against rain, snow and cold. His color can be brindle, fawn, or red, often with dark markings on the head. The fawn may vary from light brown to reddish brown. Red can range from a light red-fawn to a dark rich red. The ridges are superimposed fawn or red striped. The Bullmastiff should not have white markings, except on the chest where a little white is allowed.

Temper

The perfect Bullmastiff is bold and confident, but obedient to the will of his masters. Intelligent and reliable, he can be independent, but he needs to please. He is a natural guardian of the home and family and will react immediately to threats. The Bullmastiff was bred to be a silent guard dog. He will therefore seldom bark. The Bullmastiff is patient and protective with children. But because they are so massive, they can hit or walk over little children accidentally. The Bullmastiff can be aggressive with dogs he does not know. He behaves best with dogs of the opposite sex, especially if he was raised with them. He can coexist with cats if raised with them, even if some cannot help but chasing them. The Bullmastiff is a devoted dog, a great guard with a friendly demeanor. He is docile and friendly, but fearless if provoked. Not inclined to aggression, he will however catch an intruder, put him on the ground and keep him there.

Living conditions

The Bullmastiff is a dog of low vitality that can adapt well to most houses, although his size makes him best suited for homes with a fenced yard. They cannot withstand extreme temperatures. Apart from preventing him from wandering, a protective barrier prevents the Bullmastiff from expanding his territory beyond the house and yard. The Bullmastiff should be taken for a walk every day to satisfy his primitive migration instincts. Those who do not meet these needs are more likely to have behavioral problems.

Care

The short-haired, slightly hard, coat is not difficult to maintain. Use a stiff brush and clean the dog if necessary. This breed is losing his hair a bit.

Beagle

Origin

The history of the breed is mysterious as the one we know today did not develop until the nineteenth century. Greek documents from 400 BC and Beagle pictures depict dogs resembling the Beagle. English hunters took packs of these dogs to hunt rabbits, pheasants, quail and other small creatures. The root of the word “Beagle” is indeterminate. It is believed he may have been derived from the French word ‘BEGUEULE’, open mouth, the Old English word ‘beag’, meaning small, or the French term ‘beugler’. In medieval times, Beagle was the word used to refer to small breeds. The miniature Beagle, small enough to fit in a “pocket” or saddlebag, followed the pack when hunting. The large dogs were running behind the prey, then the small dogs continued in the undergrowth. Reverend Phillip Honeywood created a pack of Beagles in Essex in the 1830s, considered as the origin of the current breed. Thomas Johnson refined the race to make them both attractive and effective. Two strains were produced: hard and soft hairs. The hard coat Beagle existed until the early twentieth century, but the breed is now extinct. The current Beagle was recognized by the AKC in 1885.

Description

The Beagle is a little strong and sturdy dog that resembles a miniature Foxhound. It is a miniature Beagle. The body is square while the skull is fairly long and slightly domed. The breed standard for Beagles says “any color” is recognized. The best known color for Beagles, as on most Beagle pictures, is tricolor with a dark base (the area on the back), white legs, abdomen and stomach, as well as a dark spot on the head and around the butt. The second most common mixture of color is red and white with an Irish motif on the face, neck, legs and tail tip. Whatever their color, they normally have a white tip on the tail, easily visible in the tall grass while hunting. With the Bloodhound and the Basset Hound, the Beagle has one of the most developed smell sense among dogs. They detect ground smells much better than in air. Males are 14-16 inches (36-41 cm) tall and weigh 22 to 25 pounds (10-11 kg). Females are 13 to 15 inches (33-38 cm) tall and weigh 20 to 23 pounds (9-10 kg). There are two size classes, 13-15 inches (33-38 cm) and less than 15 inches (33 cm). Their life expectancy is about 12-15 years.

Temper

The Beagle has a sweet and gentle temperament. Considered a “joyful” breed, the miniature Beagle is pleasant and often neither aggressive nor shy, as on most Beagle pictures. They enjoy your company, and although they may be at first indifferent to strangers, they are easily conquered. They make poor guard dogs for this reason. Their tendency to bark or howl in front of strangers make them good watch dogs. Beagles are intelligent but also committed and determined, which can make them difficult to train. They can be difficult to recall once they have found a scent and are easily distracted by smells around them. They are not very good with obedience. Although dynamic and keen to please, they are easily bored or distracted. Beagles get along very well with young people and this is one of the reasons why they have become pets. They can get nervous if they are isolated. Not all Beagles howl, but they bark in abnormal circumstances and some will scream when they smell the scent of a potential prey. They usually co-exist well with other dogs.

Living conditions

A fenced lawn is a must with a running dog like the Beagle. Accepted Beagle pictures make it a wanderer, so if it escapes it should carry a microchip and identification plates. The young but miniature Beagle is full of vitality and need plenty of outdoor exercise. They love walks with their family, or better yet, a great race in a field to hunt rabbits. They love to run with you, but better wait for their 18 months. Sometimes older Beagles become lazy, happy to lay down all day. Since this is a breed prone to overweight, do not let this happen. Beagles live well in an apartment if they can often go outside. They are extremely dynamic inside and a small yard will be enough.

Care

The coat has short, smooth hairs and is not difficult to maintain. Use a stiff brush and wash him with a mild soap just when needed to maintain good miniature Beagle pictures. Dry clean it occasionally. Beagles have a smooth, thick double coat, which is impervious to rain. Beagles are losing their hair, but as these are short, it is not too visible. Their coats tend to become thicker in winter. They are clean.