Jack Russell Terrier

Origin

The Jack Russell Terrier was created in the south of England in the mid-1800s by John Russell Parson, whose name gave the race. The roots of the Jack Russell Terrier back to the now extinct English White Terrier. Russell intended to make a working terrier to hunt with other dogs, dislodging foxes from their burrows for other dogs to pursue them. An essential quality of his Jack Russell Terrier was a tempered aggressiveness. It gave him the important ability to pursue and scare foxes without causing them physical damage and thus put an end to the hunt. This would have been considered unsporting. The capabilities of the Jack Russell Terrier include: hunting, tracking, being agile and doing tricks. Many breeds can claim an inheritance from the Fox Terrier of this period, as the Brazilian Terrier, the Japanese Terrier, the Miniature Fox Terrier, the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz and the Tenterfield Terrier. Arthur Blake Heinemann created the breed standard. A first split occured between the show and work terriers. Another separation occurred between two distinct kinds of White Terrier, wearing both the name Jack Russell. After World War II, the need for hunting dogs was radically reduced, and with it the amount of Jack Russell Terrier. These dogs were then increasingly used as pets in families.

Description

The Jack Russell Terrier is a strong dog and a sturdy terrier, almost always on its feet. The body length should be proportional to the height. The Jack Russell Terrier should present a compact and balanced image, always in a good and solid condition. The coat is rough or broken. These two kinds of fur have a double coat with a coarse structure. The broken coat is slightly long with just an extension of the eyebrows and a beard. Some Jack Russell Terrier have a hard coat that is longer than the broken coat. Whatever its type, the hair is never curly or wavy. It should be predominantly white (over 51% white) with tan, black or brown markings. Marbled markings and black and tan coloration occur but remain rare. Due to the nature of their use, the Jack Russell Terrier remained almost as they were 200 years ago. The Jack Russell Terrier size varies widely, because different types of dogs were used for specific purposes and in many types of environments. They usually measure 10 to 15 inches (25-38 cm) at the withers and weigh 14 to 18 pounds (6.4 to 8.2 kg).

Temper

The Jack Russell Terrier are mostly working terriers. Originally bred to hunt fox in his lair in the middle of the hunts, they are used for different prey living in burrows, such as the woodchuck or the badger. The work of the Jack Russell Terrier is to locate the prey underground, and to dislodge or hold it in place until a hole is digged that far. For this, the dog will not bark but will continuously monitor the prey. The Jack Russell Terrier tends to be surprisingly insightful, athletic, bold, and vocal. It is not uncommon for these dogs to become aggressive or destructive if they are not properly trained or stimulated. They tend to get bored easily and then go to practice alone when they are left to themselves. Their vitality and energy make them suitable for various canine games, such as Fly Ball. Dog training is also recommended to potential owners, as the Jack Russell Terrier can be stubborn at times and becomes aggressive towards other animals and humans if not properly socialized. They have a huge amount of energy for their size. Some Jack Russell Terrier are aggressive toward other dogs, especially those of the same sex. They have a strong prey drive and chase (and occasionally kill) cats and other small creatures. They can never seem to get bored and will always be energetic after a hard day. Even though properly socialized dogs are benevolent towards children, they will not accept bad gestures, even unintentional.

Living Conditions

The Jack Russell Terrier is a pleasant companion when he is sufficiently exercised. However, in case he does not get enough exercise, he can become an annoyance. He must be taken for a long walk every day. In addition, he will be in his environment with space to run, hunt and play. In cases where the Jack Russell Terrier is left alone during the day, whether in a loft or a house, he must go on a long walk before you leave and after you return. Letting him do 30-45 minutes of intense exercise every day and a lot of play in the yard without a collar keeps him tired and out of trouble. The Jack Russell Terrier is affectionate and loving. They may well live in homes with experienced children who know how to behave with them. They are not suitable for homes with young children. In addition to being uncontrollable, they can break everything when they are poorly cared of. Always teach children how to approach and touch these dogs. You must supervise the interactions between the dogs and young children to avoid biting, ear or tail pulling from either side. You need to teach children never to approach the Jack Russell Terrier while he sleeps or eats. You should never try to take their food.

Care

Their coat requires weekly brushing to uproot the dead and loose hair. If you brush your Jack Russell Terrier firmly, he should rarely require a shower.

Beagle

Origin

The history of the breed is mysterious as the one we know today did not develop until the nineteenth century. Greek documents from 400 BC and Beagle pictures depict dogs resembling the Beagle. English hunters took packs of these dogs to hunt rabbits, pheasants, quail and other small creatures. The root of the word “Beagle” is indeterminate. It is believed he may have been derived from the French word ‘BEGUEULE’, open mouth, the Old English word ‘beag’, meaning small, or the French term ‘beugler’. In medieval times, Beagle was the word used to refer to small breeds. The miniature Beagle, small enough to fit in a “pocket” or saddlebag, followed the pack when hunting. The large dogs were running behind the prey, then the small dogs continued in the undergrowth. Reverend Phillip Honeywood created a pack of Beagles in Essex in the 1830s, considered as the origin of the current breed. Thomas Johnson refined the race to make them both attractive and effective. Two strains were produced: hard and soft hairs. The hard coat Beagle existed until the early twentieth century, but the breed is now extinct. The current Beagle was recognized by the AKC in 1885.

Description

The Beagle is a little strong and sturdy dog that resembles a miniature Foxhound. It is a miniature Beagle. The body is square while the skull is fairly long and slightly domed. The breed standard for Beagles says “any color” is recognized. The best known color for Beagles, as on most Beagle pictures, is tricolor with a dark base (the area on the back), white legs, abdomen and stomach, as well as a dark spot on the head and around the butt. The second most common mixture of color is red and white with an Irish motif on the face, neck, legs and tail tip. Whatever their color, they normally have a white tip on the tail, easily visible in the tall grass while hunting. With the Bloodhound and the Basset Hound, the Beagle has one of the most developed smell sense among dogs. They detect ground smells much better than in air. Males are 14-16 inches (36-41 cm) tall and weigh 22 to 25 pounds (10-11 kg). Females are 13 to 15 inches (33-38 cm) tall and weigh 20 to 23 pounds (9-10 kg). There are two size classes, 13-15 inches (33-38 cm) and less than 15 inches (33 cm). Their life expectancy is about 12-15 years.

Temper

The Beagle has a sweet and gentle temperament. Considered a “joyful” breed, the miniature Beagle is pleasant and often neither aggressive nor shy, as on most Beagle pictures. They enjoy your company, and although they may be at first indifferent to strangers, they are easily conquered. They make poor guard dogs for this reason. Their tendency to bark or howl in front of strangers make them good watch dogs. Beagles are intelligent but also committed and determined, which can make them difficult to train. They can be difficult to recall once they have found a scent and are easily distracted by smells around them. They are not very good with obedience. Although dynamic and keen to please, they are easily bored or distracted. Beagles get along very well with young people and this is one of the reasons why they have become pets. They can get nervous if they are isolated. Not all Beagles howl, but they bark in abnormal circumstances and some will scream when they smell the scent of a potential prey. They usually co-exist well with other dogs.

Living conditions

A fenced lawn is a must with a running dog like the Beagle. Accepted Beagle pictures make it a wanderer, so if it escapes it should carry a microchip and identification plates. The young but miniature Beagle is full of vitality and need plenty of outdoor exercise. They love walks with their family, or better yet, a great race in a field to hunt rabbits. They love to run with you, but better wait for their 18 months. Sometimes older Beagles become lazy, happy to lay down all day. Since this is a breed prone to overweight, do not let this happen. Beagles live well in an apartment if they can often go outside. They are extremely dynamic inside and a small yard will be enough.

Care

The coat has short, smooth hairs and is not difficult to maintain. Use a stiff brush and wash him with a mild soap just when needed to maintain good miniature Beagle pictures. Dry clean it occasionally. Beagles have a smooth, thick double coat, which is impervious to rain. Beagles are losing their hair, but as these are short, it is not too visible. Their coats tend to become thicker in winter. They are clean.